CONTEST is the Governments counter terrorism strategy. PREVENT is one of the four strands of CONTEST. PREVENT aims to stop people becoming terrorists or supporting terrorism. The Prevent duty is the duty in the Counter-Terrorism and Security Act 2015 on specified authorities, in the exercise of their functions, to have due regard to the need to prevent people from being drawn into terrorism.
From July 2015 all schools (as well as other organisations) have a duty to safeguard children from radicalisation and extremism. This means we have a responsibility to protect students and staff from extremist and violent views.
LAL is fully committed to safeguarding and promoting the welfare of all learners. We recognise that safeguarding against radicalisation and extremism is no different from safeguarding against any other vulnerability.
This Policy reinforces our expectation that staff are fully engaged in being vigilant about radicalisation and extremism and that they work alongside each other, professional bodies and external agencies to ensure that our learners are safe from harm. This policy describes the escalation process for raising concerns and gives practical guidance on how to make a referral, to reduce the risk of an individual becoming drawn into terrorism. The Main aim of our PREVENT strategy is to:
- Raise awareness
- Provide information
- Enable students to make a positive contribution
- Safeguard young people and vulnerable adults
The PREVENT agenda is relevant to all staff, including volunteers, in particular those who work face-to-face with vulnerable people and third party accommodation providers such as home stays or residences and students.
Terrorism is defined in the Terrorism Act (2000) as an action that; endangers or causes serious violence to a person or people, causing serious damage to property or seriously interferes or disrupts an electronic system. The use of threat must be designed to influence the government or to intimidate the public and is made for the purpose of political, religious or ideological gain.
Radicalisation in this strategy it refers to the process by which people comes to support terrorism and forms of extremism leading to terrorism.
Extremism is vocal or active opposition to fundamental values including democracy, the rule of the law, individual liberty, and mutual respect and tolerance of different beliefs and faiths. This includes the definition of extremism calls for the death of members of our armed forces, either in this country or overseas.
A Prevent Concern does not have to be proven beyond reasonable doubt; it should be based on something that raises concern, which is assessed by using the professional judgement of staff.
Vulnerability in the context of Prevent it is a person who is susceptible to extremists’ messages and is at risk of being drawn into terrorism or supporting terrorism at a point in time.
Channel is a multi-agency partnership that works with existing safeguarding partnerships and crime reduction panels in order to assess referrals of vulnerable individuals that are at risk of being drawn into Terrorism.
Channel is administered and coordinated by police, but chaired by the local authority. Channel is part of the Prevent strand of the Government’s Counter Terrorism Strategy CONTEST. Channel provides a mechanism for schools to make referrals if they are concerned that an individual might be vulnerable to radicalisation. They offer support by identifying individuals at risk, assessing the nature and extent of that risk and developing the most appropriate support plan for the individuals concerned.
- Detailed guidance on Channel is available at – www.gov.uk/government/publications/channel-guidance
Chief Executive Officer
The Chief Executive has overall responsibility to have processes in place to:
- Ensure that all staff are aware of this policy and adhere to its requirements
- Ensure that appropriate resources exist to meet the requirements of this policy
All staff groups
- All LAL Employees have a responsibility to familiarise themselves with this policy and to adhere to its process.
- To report all PREVENT concerns to their Manager in line with the escalation process
- The Current Safeguarding Lead for LAL Torbay is Vicki Lyall, Operations Manager
- To manage the PREVENT strategy and policy documents on behalf of LAL
- To manage the implementation and operation of the PREVENT strategy.
- Manage their own competence and knowledge base to deliver effective training.
- To carry out a risk assessment which makes an assessment of where and how students might be at risk of being drawn into terrorism.
At LAL, we provide an educational experience so that our students embrace difference and diversity, and feel valued members of our community. We are aware that students can be exposed to extremist influences or prejudiced views through a variety of sources and media, and that they may at times reflect or display views which may be discriminatory, prejudiced or extremist, or use offensive language.
When staff identify a person at risk of exploitation by radicalisers or are exhibiting extremist beliefs or behaviours, they must share these concerns.
The concern should be initially shared with your line manager. There will then be consideration to decide if the case should be a referral to Channel or other action.
Where a case is considered appropriate for referral to Channel, then, normally consent should be sought from the individual to make the referral (this is at a pre-criminal stage and active engagement is required to effectively support the individual concerned). However, limited and proportionate information may be shared prior to consent in exceptional cases; where this is required, it is to establish whether the case should be managed under Prevent or as a Counter Terrorism case. A Channel referral form will then be completed by the named Safeguarding Lead and sent securely to Channel.
On receipt by Channel, each referral is then screened for suitability according to the vulnerability and risk factors. Appropriate referrals will go through a preliminary assessment coordinated by Channel and key statutory partners (who will check and report back to Channel). A Channel panel, chaired by the local authority, will then take place, where the individual’s needs will be identified and a support plan will be put in place.
However, you should note that not all individuals at risk of radicalisation and acts of terrorism are susceptible or vulnerable, and may be acting out of choice. If you are concerned that an individual is actually engaged in the planning or implementing an act or acts of terrorism:
- If there is an immediate threat to life, ring the Police on 999
- Otherwise, ring the Anti-Terrorist Hotline on 0800 789 321
You should always inform the Safeguarding Lead when a report is made to the Police or Anti-Terrorism Hotline, and advice should be obtained from the Safeguarding Lead prior to making a report, unless a delay would increase the risk of immediate harm.
LAL are committed to:
- Exploring other cultures and religions and promoting diversity
- Challenging prejudices and racist comments
- Developing critical thinking skills and a strong, positive self-identity
- Promoting the spiritual, moral, social and cultural development of students, as well as British values such as democracy
We are aware that young people can be exposed to extremist influences or prejudiced views which emanate from a variety of sources and media, including via the internet. E-safety is an important part of the work that we do here at LAL.
LAL ensures that suitable filtering is in place to ensure that children are safe from terrorist and extremist material when accessing the internet.
All staff should ensure they share information appropriately, both professionally and legally when there is a safeguarding concern and in line with HM Government’s Information Sharing Guidance and Confidentiality, and the relevant local information sharing protocols.
Prevent is based on the active engagement of the vulnerable individual and is at a pre-criminal stage, therefore appropriate consent should be obtained from the individual involved prior to a referral to Channel intervention both to comply with the Code of Practice on Confidentiality (2003) and to establish an open relationship with the vulnerable individual at the start of the process.
However, in exceptional circumstances, where seeking consent prior to referral would cause immediate significant harm to the vulnerable individual and/or where the vulnerable person lacks capacity to give consent, a referral may be made without consent in their best interests.
Where there is concern or evidence that an individual is actually engaged in the planning or undertaking of terrorist acts, or staff are concerned for their safety or welfare, then consent is not required to share any information that may be required to assess and manage the risk of a serious criminal offence occurring. In these cases the individual should not be informed that information is being shared without multi agency agreement of what is required to ensure the safety of others. If staff are not sure on information sharing or consent issues, they should seek advice from the Safeguarding Lead.
Channel referral forms and minutes should be stored with the Safeguarding Lead.
LAL Escalation and Referral Process for preventing people being radicalised to become terrorists or support terrorism
- Member of staff has concerns about an individual (Student or staff member)
- Member of staff concerns should be raised with the Line Manager in the first instance who should then raise this with the Safeguarding Lead, who will assess the need for an initial assessment meeting or no further action.
- Referral to Channel Process Referral Pathway. Information can be shared without consent if there is justification in the public interest. Consent should not be obtained if it would place a person at increased risk of serious harm; or prejudice the prevention, detection or prosecution of a serious crime; or lead to an unjustified delay in making enquiries about allegations of child or adult abuse.
We will ensure that all staff are fully aware of the threats, risks and vulnerabilities that are linked to radicalisation, and are aware of the process of radicalisation and how this might be identified early on.
To increase knowledge of radicalisation, awareness of the Channel process and confidence to make a referral all staff will undertake the E Learning Channel General Awareness module. This online training module introduces topics including how to identify factors that can make people vulnerable to radicalisation, and case studies illustrating the types of intervention that may be appropriate. The E Learning Module can be found at http://course.ncalt.com/Channel_General_Awareness/01/index.html
This policy is to be implemented and disseminated throughout the organisation immediately following ratification. Access to this document is open to all.
This document complies with LAL’S Equality and Diversity Policy.
The following sources may also be useful for further information:
Prevent duty guidance: for England and Wales, HM Government www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/4179